Periodontics & Gum Health
At Royal York Dental, we offer treatment options for gum disease to keep your gums and mouth healthy.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum (periodontal) disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in Canadian adults. However, most cases of gum disease are actually preventable. Gum disease results from a bacterial infection in your gums. It affects the gum tissue surrounding your teeth.
Gum Disease Symptoms
While gum disease might not show any symptoms in early stages, there might be other symptoms including:
- bleeding gums
- sore gums
- swollen gums
- receding gums
- purple-red gums
Stages of Gum Disease
It is hard to detect gum disease when it first starts to develop. Many patients only begin to notice symptoms when they have progressed past the early stages.
Untreated, gum disease typically progresses in the following stages:
The first stage, called Gingivitis, is when plaque builds up and irritates the gums, making them inflamed, sore and likely to bleed.
The next stage, Periodontitis, occurs when plaque begins to harden and form tartar. As this tartar and plaque continue to build up, they cause the gums to recede. Eventually, bacteria-filled pockets form between the gums and teeth causing gums to become irritated, inflamed, and to bleed easily. At this stage, light to moderate bone loss in the jaw may also occur.
- Advanced Periodontitis
During this most advanced stage, the teeth lose support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to deteriorate. If left untreated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may even fall out. Moderate to severe bone loss in the jaw may also occur.
Gum Therapy Options
At Royal York Dental, we offer a variety of treatment options to keep gums healthy and maintain your oral health.
For early or mild cases of gum disease, we use soft tissue management which includes attending frequent dental hygiene appointments and deep cleanings.
Our dentists provide gum grafts for patients looking to restore receding gums by thickening the area around the teeth.
We offer the Pinhole Surgery Technique which is a scalpel-free, suture-free solution for receding gums.
We offer gum contouring, or a gum lift, to remove excess gum tissue for aesthetic purposes, or to prepare for cosmetic dental work, such as placing veneers.
Royal York Dental located on Toronto on Bloor St. W offers a comprehensive range of dentistry services for children, adults, and seniors.
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